Fast Assessment of Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack to Prevent Early Recurrence (FASTER)


Phase 2/3 Results N/A

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

- Patients with TIA or minor acute ischemic stroke (NIHSS < 4 at the time of randomization) who must NOT be candidates for acute thrombolysis or other acute intervention indicated as the current standard of care
- Aged 40 years or older
- Patients with: (a) weakness at time of TIA/minor stroke and/or language disturbance at time of TIA/minor stroke and; (b) duration of neurological deficit (TIA) > 5 minutes
- Patients can be randomized within 24 hours of symptom onset. Symptom onset is defined by the "last seen well" principle
- Patients must have provided written, informed consent to participate in the FASTER trial.

Exclusion Criteria

- Patients with pure sensory symptoms, pure vertigo or dizziness, pure ataxia or pure visual loss
- Patients for whom thrombolysis or other acute intervention is indicated as the current standard of care
- Patients who are currently on statin therapy, antiplatelet therapy (not including aspirin), or long-term non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs but not COX inhibitors), or anticoagulation
- Patients who in the opinion of the site Investigator, should be commenced on statin therapy
- Patients with neurological deficit due to intracranial hemorrhage (intracranial hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage, subdural hematoma, epidural hematoma), tumor, infection or any finding not consistent with acute brain ischemia as the cause of presenting symptoms
- Presumed cardiac source of embolus (e.g. atrial fibrillation, prosthetic cardiac valve, known/suspected endocarditis)
- Patient with a concomitant acute coronary syndrome (acute myocardial infarction or unstable angina)
- Modified Rankin Score 3 or more (pre-morbid historical assessment)
- Patients in whom the qualifying event was due to a complication of cerebral angiography, a revascularization procedure or trauma
- Uncontrolled hypertension at baseline (systolic blood pressure >180 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure >110 mmHg), or malignant hypertension defined by brain plus acute organ involvement due to acute hypertension
- Women who are breast-feeding or pregnant. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to randomization. Women of childbearing potential may still participate in the trial but must plan on not becoming pregnant during the course of the study and must practice a suitable method of birth control. If a patient becomes pregnant or begins breast-feeding during the study, both study drugs will be discontinued immediately, and the patient followed for the duration of the study
- Evidence of contraindication for use of Trial Medication: (i) serious systemic bleeding precluding antiplatelet therapy; (ii) hypersensitivity to aspirin, thienopyridine drugs (clopidogrel or ticlopidine) or statins; (iii) current or past history of renal insufficiency [serum Creatinine >150 umol]; (iv) hepatic dysfunction indicated by any or all of the following [ALT >3xULN, AST >3xULN, ALP >3xULN]; (v) thrombocytopenia [platelet count < 150 x10^9/L]; (vi) neutropenia [neutrophil count < 0.5 x10^9/L]; (vii) bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy indicated by any or all of the following [INR >1.2, PT >1.2xULN, PTT >1.2xULN]
- Life expectancy of less than 90 days
- Participation in another clinical therapeutic trial (drug or device) either concurrently or within the previous 30 days, or prior participation in FASTER
- Geographical or other factors that render follow-up impractical or that render evaluation of outcome events impossible (e.g. severe dementia). Patients may be randomized who could and are willing to complete their follow-up at a participating centre