Exploratory Study on the Effects of Early Rosuvastatin Treatment in Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke "AIS"

Not yet recruiting

Phase 4 Results N/A

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

1. 45 to 75 years old patients;
2. Stroke involving the vascular territory of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) as judged by clinical and MRI evidences;
3. Time from symptom onset to take the study assigned medication is within 24 hours;
4. Statin naïve or discontinued at least 3 month before stroke onset;
5. First ever stroke or mild sequelae (with modified Rankin Score 0-1) before the index event;
6. Moderate neurological deficit with baseline NIHSS scoring from 4-20;
7. MRI scans (T1W1、T2W2、T2Flair、DWI、SWI)accomplished from 12 to 48 hours after the onset;
8. Consent form signed.

Exclusion Criteria

Any of the following is regarded as a criterion for exclusion from the study:
1. Stroke involving the vascular territory of the vertebrobasilar artery as judged by clinical and MRI evidences;
2. Hemorrhagic transformation or intracranial hemorrhage on baseline MRI. MRI performed between 12-48 hours after the onset, if MRI provides evidences which met with the exclusion criteria, the patients will be excluded from the study;
3. Any circumstances under which MRI scans can't be performed;
4. Evidences suggesting cardiogenic stroke such as atrial fibrillation, acute coronary syndrome, patent foramen ovale , etc;
5. Comatose with NIHSS 1a>1;
6. Medical or psychiatric conditions such as severe hepatic or renal dysfunction, heart failure, malignancy, major depression, dementia, alcohol or drug abuse;
7. Suitable for rt-Plasminogen Activator thrombolysis treatment;
8. Receiving medication with possible neuroprotective functions after stroke onset;
9. Currently take steroids therapy;
10. Diagnosed with malignancy within 5 years;
11. Patients with myopathy or serum creatine kinase > 3 times the upper limit of normal not caused by myocardial injury;
12. Severe renal function damage (eGFR<30);
13. Concurrent use ciclosporin;
14. A history of hypersensitivity of statins and other severe complication;
15. Child-bearing women ;
16. Patients who are or may be pregnant;
17. Other conditions under which patients not pertinent to attend the study as judged by the investigators.