Evaluating Error Augmentation for Neurorehabilitation "VREA"


Phase N/A Results N/A

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

- adult (age >18)
- survived a single cortical stroke at least 6 months previously involving ischemia or hemorrhage of the middle cerebral artery (MCA),
- demonstrated the presence of some active shoulder and elbow movement (characterized by Fugl-Meyer Assessment Upper Extremity scores ranging from 15-50 for ARM 1; 25-50 for ARM 2).

Exclusion Criteria

- diffuse or multiple lesion sites or multiple stroke events
- bilateral paresis
- severe spasticity or contracture (Modified Ashworth ≥3
- severe concurrent medical problems
- severe sensory deficits
- cerebellar strokes resulting in severe ataxia
- significant shoulder pain
- focal tone management with Botulinim Toxin (Botox®) injection to the hemiparetic upper extremity (UE) within the previous four months,
- aphasia that would influence the ability to perform the experiment
- cognitive impairment (Mini Mental State Examination < 23/30)
- affective dysfunction that would influence the ability to perform the experiment
- depth perception impairment (< 3 on Stereo Circle Test)
- visual field cut or hemispatial neglect that would influence the ability to participate in the activity
- inability to provide informed consent