Electrical Muscle Stimulation to Aid Swallowing in Dysphagia


Phase N/A Results N/A



  • Bulow M, Olsson R, Ekberg O. Videomanometric analysis of supraglottic swallow, effortful swallow, and chin tuck in healthy volunteers. Dysphagia. 1999 Spring;14(2):67-72. Pubmed ID:10028035
  • Bergmann K, Warzel H, Eckhardt HU, Hopstock U, Hermann V, Gerhardt HJ. Long-term implantation of a system of electrical stimulation of paralyzed laryngeal muscles in dogs. Laryngoscope. 1988 Apr;98(4):455-9. Pubmed ID:3258397
  • Broniatowski M, Sohn J, Kayali H, Bold EL, Miller FR, Jacobs GB, Tucker HM. Artificial reflex arc: a potential solution for chronic aspiration. III: Stimulation of implanted cervical skin as a functional graft triggering glottic closure in the canine. Laryngoscope. 1994 Oct;104(10):1259-63. Pubmed ID:7934597

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