The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy of non-invasive BCI-exoskeleton technology based on EEG patterns recognition matching to motor imagery in post-stroke patients with hand paresis.
The BCI training is based on EEG activity patterns recording during hand motor imagery. A subject sit comfortably 1m from a computer screen which presents visual instructions during the session. The robotic exoskeleton is fixed to the paretic hand. Subject visually fixate on a circle presented in the center of the screen and receive instructions from three surrounding rhomboidal arrows. Subject is given three commands instructing them to relax or imagine slow hand opening movement with the right or left hand. The "Relax" command means that the subject have to sit still and look at the center of the screen. Commands are presented randomly, each of 10 sec duration.
A visual cue provides the subject with feedback regarding the mental task recognition: the central circle turned green if the classifier recognizes the task in agreement with the given command, or remains white if the signal is not recognized. In addition to visual feedback the subject is provided with kinesthetic feedback: the exoskeleton is opening the hand when the classifier recognizes the imagery of paretic hand movement.
The EEG is registered with 30 electrodes distributed over the head in accordance with the standard international 10-20 system. EEG signals are filtered from 5-30Hz. A Bayesian approach for EEG pattern classifying is used in the system. The activity sources most relevant for BCI functioning will be identified using an independent component analysis (ICA). Classification accuracy will by measured with Cohen's kappa (Kohavi and Provost, 1998). The procedure may consist from up to three sessions, the duration of 1 session is 10 min, there are 5 min time brake between session and total duration of procedure is up to 45 min. The number of procedures - at least 10. The maximal interval between procedures is 3 days.
- Hand exoskeleton, brain-computer interface (BCI), Device
Other Names: mind-machine interface Intervention Desc: Hand exoskeleton, brain-computer interface (BCI) 10 sessions of 45-minutes ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: Study group Description: Hand exoskeleton, brain-computer interface (BCI) 10 sessions of 45-minutes
- Hand exoskeleton, sham BCI Device
Intervention Desc: Hand exoskeleton, sham BCI 10 sessions of 45-minutes (BCI imitation) ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: Placebo group Description: Hand exoskeleton, sham BCI 10 sessions of 45-minutes (BCI imitation)
- Allocation: Randomized
- Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
- Purpose: Health Services Research
- Endpoint: Efficacy Study
- Intervention: Parallel Assignment
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||Change from Baseline in hand paresis level and hand muscle spasticity||Week 2||No|
|Secondary||Long-term changes from Baseline in hand paresis level and hand muscle spasticity||week 4, week 12, week 24||No|