The purpose of this trial is to determine if a family intervention administered by telephone to stroke patients and their caregivers increases adaptation and functioning after stroke.
Stroke is a major health problem which affects an estimated half million persons each year. In many cases family members assume the long-term burden of care after hospital discharge. Methods such as family education, peer support groups, and counseling are available to help meet the needs of caregivers, by enhancing their coping abilities. Family intervention also potentially benefits patients by improving the quality of caregiving skills. Few investigations have examined the benefits of family intervention methods.
This trial will study the effectiveness of a family-based, telephone-administered intervention called Family Intervention: Telephone Tracking (FITT) for acute stroke patients and their caregivers. Study patients will be recruited from those admitted to the Rhode Island Hospital following an acute stroke. All patients and caregivers will receive standard medical care. In addition, these patients and their caregivers will be randomly assigned to one of two treatment conditions: FITT or no intervention. Treatments will begin once the patient returns home and will continue for a six-month period.
During the trial, specially trained staff will carefully monitor the progress of the stroke patient and his/her family member, checking for changing in thinking, concentration, attention, memory, mood, and family functioning that sometimes occurs in stroke. Participants will be contacted by telephone every week for 6 weeks, then every 2 weeks for 2 months, and then monthly for 2 months. The telephone calls will check on how the participants are doing after discharge and will assist with questions and concerns.
- Allocation: Randomized
- Purpose: Treatment
All patients will receive standard medical care in the hospital. Eligible patients will be randomized to receive either FTIT or no intervention after discharge. The patients in the FTIT group will be contacted by telephone every week for 6 weeks, every 2 weeks for 2 months, and then monthly for 2 months. During these calls, the study clinician will inquire as to how the participants are doing, and will address any questions and concerns. All patients will be re-evaluated 6 months after discharge.
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||Changes in thinking, concentration, attention, memory, mood, and family functioning.|