Efficacy and Safety Study of Botulinum Neurotoxin A With Rehabilitation Versus Botulinum Neurotoxin A Alone in Treatment of Post-stroke Spasticity

Completed

Phase N/A Results

Trial Description

The purpose of this study is to determine if a combination of botulinum neurotoxin A and rehabilitation therapy is better than botulinum neurotoxin A alone for improvement in function based on the Fugl-Meyer and other validated measures.
Hypothesis: The combination of botulinum neurotoxin A and rehabilitation therapy will produce better functional improvement than botulinum neurotoxin A alone in post-stroke upper limb spasticity measured by the Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Sensorimotor Recovery after Stroke.

Detailed Description

This trial is a multi-center, parallel design comparing open label BoNT-A paired with rehabilitation therapy (OT) versus BoNT-A alone in patients diagnosed with post-stroke focal upper limb spasticity. Cohort 1 will receive BoNT-A plus rehabilitation therapy for the duration of the study (for up to 2 injections of BoNT-A) while Cohort 2 will receive BoNT-A alone. The injection protocol will closely follow the design of the Allergan 191622-056 study with the inclusion of rehabilitation therapy intervention. Those randomized to BoNT-A alone will not be able to start any new therapy or exercise therapy while in the study. Two types of patients will be recruited for the study, those naïve to BoNT-A and those who have received BoNT-A for treatment of their spasticity. Given that BoNT-A has temporary effects, the second group of patients is not expected to react differently that patients naïve to the intervention. The sites will contact patients previously enrolled in the 191622-008, 025 and 056 protocols to determine if they are eligible for involvement in the BoNT-A / rehabilitation study. In addition, the sites will recruit from the local community patients who have and have not received BoNT-A treatment for their spasticity by placing a notice in the stroke club newsletters, contacting local physician and rehabilitation offices, and posting fliers in area hospitals. Patients will be screened for eligibility during an interview with a study team member. Eligible patients will complete the informed consent process, sign a consent form, HIPPA. A blinded study physician will perform a physical examination and focal exam of the affected limb obtaining Modified Ashworth Scale scores for the elbow, wrist, finger, and thumb. Following the baseline visit, appointments will be scheduled for the next visit (Study Visit 1 {Week 0}, injection of BoNT-A. Prior to injection,, patients will be evaluated by a Therapist, blinded to treatment who will do the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and the Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Sensorimotor Recovery after Stroke (Upper Extremity subsection). Participants will receive IM injections of BoNT-A between 200 and 400 Units with the total dose not to exceed 6 U / kg. The primary targets for BoNT-A injection are the wrist and finger flexor muscles (flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris, flexor digitorum profundus, flexor digitorum superficialis). Additional target muscles include biceps, brachioradialis, brachialis, pronator quadratus, pronator teres, flexor pollicis brevis / opponens, adductor pollicis, flexor pollicis longus, and lumbricales / interossei. The goal of the injections is to reduce spasticity causing such events as flexed elbow, pronated forearm, flexed wrist, thumb in palm, clenched fist, and hand deformity. It is not necessary to administer the same dose or inject the same muscles at each injection visit. The treatment should be guided by the spasticity measured and the clinical judgment of the Investigator. All injections will be performed with the assistance of EMG guidance for muscle localization. Randomization to either BoNT-A + rehab or BoNT-A alone will occur after the first injection. Randomization schedule will be determined by sequential lettered sealed envelopes sent to each site, generated by the independent analyst.
Participants assigned to Cohort 1 (determined by a randomization scheme) will also be scheduled for weekly therapy appointments to begin within 2 weeks of injection. An attempt will be made to have all study patients seen by the same therapists at each site and efforts will be made to standardize therapy as much as possible. The evaluating therapist who is blinded to treatment assignment will complete the Fugl-Meyer upper extremity subsection every 6 weeks and the FIM at week 1 and at the final visit. Participants will be seen every 6 weeks by the coordinator and physician for Study Visits 2, 3/3A, 4, and 5 at which time they will have the following assessments: Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS), , Patients' Disability and Carer Burden Rating Scale, Visual Analog Scale and the Disability Assessment Scale. The participants in Cohort 2 will follow the same injection and assessment schedule (including Fugl-Meyer upper extremity subsection every 6 weeks and FIM at week 1 and at the final visit), but will not participate in therapy. If, by visit 3, the participants' upper limb spasticity has reached a MAS score of 2 or greater in the wrist and/or fingers, they will be eligible for a second injection of BoNT-A. Any subjects who do not meet re-injection criteria by Visit 3 (week 12) will be re-evaluated in another 3 weeks, Visit 3A. If participants do not meet re-injection criteria by Study Visit 3A (week 15) they will not receive another injection, but will be followed until Visit 5 (final visit). If subjects are injected at visit 3A, visit 4 will occur at 21 weeks (6 weeks after 2nd injection). Visit 5 will occur at week 27 (12 weeks after 2nd injection). Participants receiving both injections will complete the study no sooner than Study Visit 5. The expected time to recruit patients and complete the study is 18 months.
All participants will be queried at each visit regarding the occurrence of adverse events (AE) or serious adverse events (SAE). All unexpected AE and all SAEs will be reviewed by the Site Principal Investigator and reported to the local IRB and reported to Dr. Glenn Graham who will then report to the VA Research & Development Committee and the University of New Mexico Health Science Center Human Research Review Committee. (See Appendix I for AE and SAE definitions). Study sites will be in regular contact with study participants whether or not they receive weekly therapy.

Conditions

Interventions

  • Botulinum toxin type A, BoNT-A Drug
    Intervention Desc: Participants will receive IM injections of BoNT-A between 200 and 400 Units with the total dose not to exceed 6 U / kg. The primary targets for BoNT-A injection are the wrist and finger flexor muscles (flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris, flexor digitorum profundus, flexor digitorum superficialis).
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Cohort #1
    Description: Cohort 1 will receive BoNT-A plus rehabilitation therapy for the duration of the study (for up to 2 injections of BoNT-A).
    ARM 2: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Cohort #2
    Description: Cohort 2 will receive BoNT-A alone
  • Rehabilitation Therapy Behavioral
    Intervention Desc: Rehabilitation therapy
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Cohort #1
    Description: Cohort 1 will receive BoNT-A plus rehabilitation therapy for the duration of the study (for up to 2 injections of BoNT-A).

Trial Design

  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Masking: Open Label
  • Purpose: Treatment
  • Endpoint: Safety/Efficacy Study
  • Intervention: Parallel Assignment

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary The maximum change in Fugl-Meyer upper extremity score from the baseline exam to any post injection visit in each treatment arm. Comparison of the difference scores between the two groups will be considered significant at p < 0.05. 6 Weeks No
Secondary Length of time to meet re-injection criteria and the number of participants that do not meet re-injection criteria prior to completion of the study. 6 Weeks No
Primary The Maximum Change in Fugl-Meyer Upper Extremity Score From the Baseline Exam to Any Post Injection Visit in Each Treatment Arm. Comparison of the Difference Scores Between the Two Groups Will be Considered Significant at p < 0.05. 6 Weeks No

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