Efficacy and Safety of MRI-based Thrombolysis in Wake-up Stroke "WAKE-UP"

Active, not recruiting

Phase 3 Results N/A

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Clinical Inclusion Criteria
- Clinical diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke with unknown symptom onset (e.g., stroke symptoms recognized on awakening)
- Last known well (without neurological symptoms) > 4.5 hours of treatment initiation
- Measurable disabling neurological deficit (defined as an impairment of one or more of the following: language, motor function, cognition, gaze, vision, neglect)
- Age 18-80 years
- Treatment can be started within 4.5 hours of symptom recognition (e.g., awakening)
- Written informed consent by patient or proxy
Imaging Inclusion Criteria:
- Acute stroke MRI including diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) and fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) completed
- MRI showing a pattern of "DWI-FLAIR-mismatch", i.e. acute ischemic lesion visibly on DWI ("positive DWI") but no marked parenchymal hyperintensity visible on FLAIR ("negative FLAIR") indicative of an acute ischemic lesion ‚ȧ4.5 hours of age

Exclusion Criteria

Clinical Exclusion Criteria
- Planned or anticipated treatment with endovascular reperfusion strategies (e.g. intra-arterial thrombolysis, mechanical recanalization techniques)
- Pre-stroke disability (inability to carry out all daily activities, requiring some help or supervision, i.e. slight disability corresponding to an MRS score > 1)
- Participation in any investigational study in the previous 30 days
- Severe stroke by clinical assessment (e.g. NIHSS > 25)
- Hypersensitivity to Alteplase or any of the excipients
- Pregnancy or lactating (formal testing needed in woman of childbearing potential; childbearing potential is assumed in women up to 55 years of age)
- Significant bleeding disorder at present or within past 6 months
- Known haemorrhagic diathesis
- Manifest or recent severe or dangerous bleeding
- Known history of or suspected intracranial haemorrhage
- Suspected subarachnoid haemorrhage (even if CT is negative) or condition after subarachnoid haemorrhage from aneurysm
- History of CNS damage (e.g. neoplasm, aneurysm, intracranial or spinal surgery)
- Recent (within 10 days) traumatic external heart massage, obstetrical delivery, recent puncture of a non-compressible blood-vessel
- Current use of anticoagulants (e.g. Phenprocoumon, Warfarin, new anticoagulants such as Dabigatran) or current use of heparin and elevated thromboplastin time (low-dose subcutaneous heparin is allowed)
- Platelet count < 100.000/mm3 (<100G/l)
- Blood glucose < 50 or > 400 mg/dl (< 2.8 or 22.2 mmol/l)
- Severe uncontrolled hypertension, i.e. systolic blood pressure > 185 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure >110 mmHg or requiring aggressive medication to maintain blood pressure within these limits (routine medical treatment is allowed to lower the blood pressure below these limits)
- Manifest or recent bacterial endocarditis, pericarditis
- Manifest or recent acute pancreatitis
- Documented ulcerative gastrointestinal disease during the last 3 months, oesophageal varices, arterial aneurysm, arterial/venous malformations
- Neoplasm with increased bleeding risk
- Manifest severe liver disease including hepatic failure, cirrhosis, portal hypertension and active hepatitis
- Major surgery or significant trauma in past 3 months
- Stroke within 30 days
- Life expectancy 6 months or less by judgement of the investigator
- Any condition associated with a significantly increased risk of severe bleeding not mentioned above
- Any contraindication to MRI (e.g. cardiac pacemaker)
Imaging Exclusion Criteria:
- Poor MRI quality precluding interpretation according to the study protocol
- Any sign of intracranial haemorrhage on baseline MRI
- FLAIR showing a marked parenchymal hyperintensity in a region corresponding to the acute DWI lesion indicative of an acute ischemic lesion with a high likelihood of being > 4.5 hours old
- Large DWI lesion volume > 1/3 of the MCA or > 50% of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) or posterior cerebral artery (PCA) territory (visual inspection) or > 100 ml
- Any MRI findings indicative of a high risk of symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage related to potential IV-tPA treatment in the judgement of the investigator