Effects of Locomotion Training With Assistance of a Robot-Driven Gait Orthosis in Hemiparetic Patients After Subacute Stroke

Completed

Phase N/A Results N/A

Trial Description

The investigators aimed in this study to investigate the effects of 4 weeks robot-assisted locomotor training on motor recovery of lower extremities and walking ability compared with the conventional gait training in subacute post-stroke non-ambulatory hemiplegic patients.
72 first-ever stroke patients who could not walk independently (FAC < 2), and suffered within 6 months were enrolled and randomly assigned into 2 groups. The subjects with congestive heart failure, malignancies, cardiopulmonary dysfunctions, and who could not walk independently before stroke attack were excluded.
Two groups received 30 minutes conventional gait training including Neurodevelopmental Treatment (NDT) basically. The robotic assisted locomotor training group received additional robotic-assisted gait therapy for 30minutes with Lokomat® (Hocoma, Zurich, Switzerland) daily for 4 weeks, and the conventional gait training group received additional daily conventional gait training with NDT for the same periods. The independent walking ability(FAC ≥ 3), Functional Ambulation Category (FAC), Motricity index (MI), Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA), Modified Barthel Index (MBI), Medical Research Council (MRC) for each lower extremity muscles were assessed before, during (2weeks) and after training. And the independent walking ability were followed until 3 months.

Conditions

Interventions

  • Robot-assisted gait therapy Other
    Intervention Desc: Two groups received 30 minutes conventional gait training including Neurodevelopmental Treatment(NDT) basically. Robot-assisted gait therapy for 30 minutes with Lokomat® (Hocoma, Zurich, Switzerland) daily for 4 weeks, and the conventional gait training group received additional daily conventional gait training with NDT for the same periods.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Lokomat Group
  • Conventional gait training Other
    Intervention Desc: Two groups received 30 minutes conventional gait training including Neurodevelopmental Treatment(NDT) basically. Robot-assisted gait therapy for 30 minutes with Lokomat® (Hocoma, Zurich, Switzerland) daily for 4 weeks, and the conventional gait training group received additional daily conventional gait training with NDT for the same periods.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: conventional gait training group

Trial Design

  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Masking: Open Label
  • Purpose: Treatment
  • Endpoint: Efficacy Study
  • Intervention: Parallel Assignment

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary change of functional ambulation category point baseline, during training (2weeks), post training (4weeks) & followed for 2months after training No

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