Effects of Home-based Mirror Therapy Combined With Task-oriented Training for Patients With Stroke

Recruiting

Phase N/A Results N/A

Trial Description

The specific aims of this study will be:
1. To compare the immediate and retention treatment effects of the patients receiving home-based mirror therapy combined with task-oriented training (MTOT) with a hospital-based MTOT group and a hospital conventional rehabilitation group on different aspects of outcomes.
2. To examine the feasibility, satisfaction, and safety of this novel home-based MTOT program.
3. To investigate the factors that may affect the efficacy of home-based stroke rehabilitation.

Detailed Description

In this 3-year study project, we will design a single-blind randomized controlled trial (1) to compare the treatment effects of home-based MTOT with a hospital-based MTOT group and a hospital conventional rehabilitation group, (2) to investigate the feasibility, satisfaction, and safety of this home-based program, and (3) to identify the factors that might influence treatment outcomes. An estimated total of 90 patients with stroke will be recruited in this study. All participants will be randomly assigned to receive home-based MTOT or hospital-based rehabilitation for a 4-week training period (a total of 12 sessions). Before the first treatment session, a client-centered questionnaire will be administered to each patient for identifying individual needs and goals. Feasibility evaluation and caregiver's wellbeing will be also assessed. Outcome measures will be conducted at baseline, immediately after treatment, and 3 months follow-up.

Conditions

Interventions

  • Home-based therapy Behavioral
    Intervention Desc: The home-based MTOT group will receive 30 minutes of MT followed by 30 minutes of TOT per session. The intervention will take place in the participant's home environment. During the mirror practices, the patient will seat close to a table which the mirror box will be placed at the mid-sagittal plane. During MT, the participant will be encouraged to actively move their paretic arm and hand concurrently with the mirror reflection of the movement of the nonparetic arm and hand as possible as they can. If necessary, the therapist will assist the participant in moving the paretic hand to synchronize the movement with the nonparetic hand.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: home-based therapy
    Description: Home-based mirror therapy combined with task-oriented training (MTOT)
  • Hospital-based therapy Behavioral
    Intervention Desc: The control group will receive a dose-matched, individualized occupational therapy at a hospital. The participants will receive customary rehabilitation programs as usual performed at hospitals for 1 hour per session. The treatment protocol will include: (a) passive range of motion exercises, stretching of the affected limb, or facilitatory and inhibitory techniques, (b) fine motor or dexterity training, (c) arm exercises or gross motor training, (d) muscle strengthening of the affected upper limb, and (e) activities of daily living training or functional task practice.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: hospital-based therapy
    Description: hospital-based individualized occupational therapy
  • Home-based MTOT Behavioral
    Intervention Desc: The home-based MTOT group will receive 30 minutes of MT followed by 30 minutes of TOT per session. The intervention will take place in the participant's home environment. During the mirror practices, the patient will seat close to a table which the mirror box will be placed at the mid-sagittal plane. During MT, the participant will be encouraged to actively move their paretic arm and hand concurrently with the mirror reflection of the movement of the nonparetic arm and hand as possible as they can. If necessary, the therapist will assist the participant in moving the paretic hand to synchronize the movement with the nonparetic hand.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: home-based MTOT
    Description: Home-based mirror therapy combined with task-oriented training (MTOT)
  • Hospital-based MTOT Behavioral
    Intervention Desc: The hospital-based MTOT group will also receive 30 minutes of MT followed by 30 minutes of TOT per session at a hospital. The intervention will take place in the occupational therapy clinic. The treatment modalities in the hospital will be selected and provided for this group. Most of the treatment principles and components are the same as aforementioned in the home-based MTOT. However, the major differences between home-based and hospital-based MTOT are the treatment contexts, environments and functional modalities used.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: hospital-based MTOT
    Description: hospital-based mirror therapy combined with task-oriented training (MTOT)

Trial Design

  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
  • Purpose: Treatment
  • Endpoint: Efficacy Study
  • Intervention: Parallel Assignment

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary Change scores of Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) baseline, 4 weeks, 3 months No
Secondary Change scores of Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) baseline, 4 weeks, 3 months No
Secondary Change scores of Box and Block Test (BBT) baseline, 4 weeks, 3 months No
Secondary Change scores of grip and pinch power baseline, 4 weeks, 3 months No
Secondary Change scores of Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT) baseline, 4 weeks, 4 months No
Secondary Change scores of Revised Nottingham Sensory Assessment (RNSA) baseline, 4 weeks, 3 months No
Secondary Change scores of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) baseline, 4 weeks, 4 months No
Secondary Change scores of 10-Meter Walk Test (10MWT) baseline, 4 weeks, 3 months No
Secondary Change scores of Barthel Index (BI) baseline, 4 weeks, 3 months No
Secondary Change scores of Activity monitors (ActiGraph) baseline, 4 weeks, 3 months No
Secondary Change scores of Stroke Impact Scale (SIS) Version 3.0 baseline, 4 weeks, 4 months No
Secondary Change scores of Motor Activities Log (MAL) baseline, 4 weeks, 4 months No
Secondary Change scores of Nottingham Extended Activities of Daily Living Scale (NEADL) baseline, 4 weeks, 4 months No
Secondary Change scores of Motor Activities Log (MAL) baseline, 4 weeks, 3 months No

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