Effect of Mirror Therapy on Lower Extremity Motor Control and Gait in Patients With Stroke

Completed

Phase N/A Results

Trial Description

Mirror therapy may be an effective intervention in increasing motor control and gait performance in patients with stroke.

Detailed Description

Using a mirrored image of the uninvolved extremity superimposed upon the involved extremity during exercise may facilitate improved motor control in patients after stroke.

Conditions

Interventions

  • Mirror therapy Other
    Intervention Desc: The mirror therapy will entail 15 minutes of exercises for the lower extremities focusing on ankle dorsiflexion, knee flexion, and hip flexion. The participant will attempt to perform the exercises with both lower extremities. The patient will be blinded to the affected lower extremity with a mirror, and will be looking at the image of the unaffected lower extremity superimposed on the affected lower extremity as he or she performs the activities.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: rehabilitation activities
    Description: The control group will receive traditional physical therapy which includes, but is not limited to, therapeutic exercise, functional mobility training, pre-gait and gait activities, electrotherapeutic modalities, and education. The treatment group will receive traditional physical therapy with the addition of mirror therapy. The mirror therapy will entail 15 minutes of exercises for the lower extremities focusing on ankle dorsiflexion, knee flexion, and hip flexion.
  • Traditional Physical Therapy Other
    Intervention Desc: Traditional physical therapy includes, but is not limited to, therapeutic exercise, functional mobility training, pre-gait and gait activities, electrotherapeutic modalities, and education.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Traditional Physical Therapy
    Description: The control group will receive traditional physical therapy interventions directed at neuromuscular rehabilitation.
  • Physical Therapy plus Mirror Therapy Other
    Intervention Desc: The treatment group will receive traditional physical therapy intervention as described in the control group with the addition of mirror therapy. The participant will attempt to perform the flexion exercises with both lower extremities. The patient will be blinded to the affected lower extremity with a mirror, and will be looking at the image of the unaffected lower extremity superimposed on the affected lower extremity as he or she performs the activities.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Physical Therapy plus Mirror Therapy
    Description: The mirror therapy will entail 15 minutes of exercises for the lower extremities focusing on ankle dorsiflexion, knee flexion, and hip flexion.

Trial Design

  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)
  • Purpose: Treatment
  • Endpoint: Efficacy Study
  • Intervention: Parallel Assignment

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary Functional Independence Measure - locomotor score measured at admission and discharge from rehab estimated length of stay 14 days Yes
Secondary Timed Up and Go Measured at admission and discharge with estimated length of stay 14 days No
Secondary Stroke Rehabilitation Assessment of Movement measured at admission and discharge with estimated length of stay 14 days No
Secondary Upright Motor Control Test Measured at admission and discharge with estimated length of stay 14 days No
Secondary Modified Ashworth Score measured at admission and discharge with estimated length of stay 14 days No

Sponsors