Effect of FES Interventions on Gait Dynamics in Stroke Population

Completed

Phase N/A Results N/A

Update History

23 Aug '17
The description was updated.
New
Hemiplegia with associated foot drop occurs in 50% of the stroke survivors and frequently impairs an individual's ability to walk. Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) based neuroprosthetic devices have been developed to correct foot drop. The efficacy of these devices were initially examined by Liberson el al. who demonstrated that electrical stimulations could assist in restoring functional movements in paralyzed limbs. In addition to assistance with foot drop, these devices have showed significant improvements in biomechanical variables such as walking speed, distance, stride length and physiological cost for individuals with stroke. In order to comprehensively understand the effect of electrical stimulations on gait recovery, it is critical to analyze the dynamic aspects of gait and measure gait variability during the functional electrical stimulation intervention. In the proposed investigation, we will determine the 'gait symmetry' of FES assisted walking using bilateral cyclograms of the ankle and knee over a period of 6 months. This novel approach will account for the dynamics and complexity of balance by measuring the deviations of joints from a line of symmetry at every instance of gait cycle and will provide better measure of gait symmetry. Utilization of this outcome measure will allow us to understand the role of electrical stimulation at ankle and how this effect gets translated to the knee and hip joints during walking. The changes in the surface electromyograms (EMGs) of selective muscle groups will demonstrate how FES can contribute to muscle re-training after stroke. We will use advanced signal processing algorithms to remove FES artifact from the EMG signal in order to comprehensively analyze the carry-over effect of the FES intervention. Finally, we will employ Principal Component Analysis (PCA) - an advanced data mining technique to track and quantify the overall gait recovery process of individuals with stroke using pattern classification algorithms. The gait symmetry measure and the EMGs will be statistically classified to see their clear separation at baseline and 6 month intervals. This classification will allow us to identify the individuals who were most responsive to the intervention. This information is critical and will allow researchers and clinicians to re-strategize the rehabilitation process. Such scientific evaluation will provide the base for further development and implementation of FES devices or technologies, thus supporting the NINDS' fundamental goal of translating basic and clinical discoveries into better ways to treat neurological disorders.
Old
Hemiplegia with associated foot drop occurs in 50% of the stroke survivors and frequently impairs an individual's ability to walk. Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) based neuroprosthetic devices have been developed to correct foot drop. The efficacy of these devices were initially examined by Liberson el al. who demonstrated that electrical stimulations could assist in restoring functional movements in paralyzed limbs. In addition to assistance with foot drop, these devices have showed significant improvements in biomechanical variables such as walking speed, distance, stride length and physiological cost for individuals with stroke. In order to comprehensively understand the effect of electrical stimulations on gait recovery, it is critical to analyze the dynamic aspects of gait and measure gait variability during the functional electrical stimulation intervention. In the proposed investigation, we will determine the 'gait symmetry' of FES assisted walking using bilateral cyclograms of the ankle and knee over a period of 6 months. This novel approach will account for the dynamics and complexity of balance by measuring the deviations of joints from a line of symmetry at every instance of gait cycle and will provide better measure of gait symmetry. Utilization of this outcome measure will allow us to understand the role of electrical stimulation at ankle and how this effect gets translated to the knee and hip joints during walking. The changes in the surface electromyograms (EMGs) of selective muscle groups will demonstrate how FES can contribute to muscle re-training after stroke. We will use advanced signal processing algorithms to remove FES artifact from the EMG signal in order to comprehensively analyze the carry-over effect of the FES intervention. Finally, we will employ Principal Component Analysis (PCA) - an advanced data mining technique to track and quantify the overall gait recovery process of individuals with stroke using pattern classification algorithms. The gait symmetry measure and the EMGs will be statistically classified to see their clear separation at baseline and 6 month intervals. This classification will allow us to identify the individuals who were most responsive to the intervention. This information is critical and will allow researchers and clinicians to re-strategize the rehabilitation process. Such scientific evaluation will provide the base for further development and implementation of FES devices or technologies, thus supporting the NINDS' fundamental goal of translating basic and clinical discoveries into better ways to treat neurological disorders.
The gender criteria for eligibility was updated to "All."
The eligibility criteria were updated.
New
Inclusion Criteria: - Must have sustained a stroke at least 6 months prior to study enrollment - Must have hemiplegia with foot drop - Must have positive response to peroneal nerve stimulation resulting in adequate dorsiflexion of the ankle - No current usage of Functional Electrical Stimulations for the treatment of foot drop - No history of injury or pathology to the unaffected limb - Must be able to walk independently or with close supervision, for 25 feet without WalkAide or any assistive device Exclusion Criteria: - Orthopedic pathologies or history that will interfere with ambulation or limit the range of motion of the lower limbs - Neuromuscular pathologies or history that will interfere with neuromuscular function, ambulation, or limit the range of motion of the lower limbs (e.g., myasthenia gravis, Eaton-Lambert syndrome, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) - Neurological pathologies (e.g., multiple sclerosis) - Serious lung or heart conditions that could severely limit their ability to walk - Current involvement in any other study that can affect the results of this study - Inability or unwillingness to comply with study procedures, follow-up requirements and follow instructions
Old
Inclusion Criteria: - Must have sustained a stroke at least 6 months prior to study enrollment - Must have hemiplegia with foot drop - Must have positive response to peroneal nerve stimulation resulting in adequate dorsiflexion of the ankle - No current usage of Functional Electrical Stimulations for the treatment of foot drop - No history of injury or pathology to the unaffected limb - Must be able to walk independently or with close supervision, for 25 feet without WalkAide or any assistive device Exclusion Criteria: - Orthopedic pathologies or history that will interfere with ambulation or limit the range of motion of the lower limbs - Neuromuscular pathologies or history that will interfere with neuromuscular function, ambulation, or limit the range of motion of the lower limbs (e.g., myasthenia gravis, Eaton-Lambert syndrome, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) - Neurological pathologies (e.g., multiple sclerosis) - Serious lung or heart conditions that could severely limit their ability to walk - Current involvement in any other study that can affect the results of this study - Inability or unwillingness to comply with study procedures, follow-up requirements and follow instructions
A location was updated in West Orange.
New
The overall status was removed for Kessler Foundation.