Dry Needling for Spasticity in Stroke

Completed

Phase N/A Results N/A

Trial Description

Stroke is the leading cause of physical disability due to the presence of spasticity. Different needling techniques, including Botulinum Toxin A are proposed for management of spasticity; however results are conflicting. The presence of spasticity in the upper extremity implies several impairments for daily life activities. No study has investigated the effects of deep dry needling inserted into the targeted spastic musculature of the shoulder region in patients who had suffered a stroke. The investigators will conduct a randomized controlled trial investigating the effects of the inclusion of deep dry needling into a rehabilitation program over the musculature of the shoulder region, pressure pain hyperalgesia and range of motion in individuals with chronic stroke. The investigators hypothesize that patients receiving dry needling into the spastic shoulder musculature would exhibit greater improvements in spasticity, pressure sensitivity and range of motion than those who will not receive the intervention.

Conditions

Interventions

  • Physical therapy Other
    Intervention Desc: Patients will receive 3 sessions, one per week, of 45min of physical therapy including mobilizations of the scapular region, manual therapies targeted to decrease muscle tone, neuromodulatory techniques for spasticity and proprioceptive exercises for the upper extremity
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Experimental intervention
    Description: The experimental intervention will consist of 3 sessions, one per week, of 45min of physical therapy including mobilizations of the scapular region, manual therapies targeted to decrease muscle tone, neuromodulatory techniques for spasticity and proprioceptive exercises for the upper extremity. In addition, during this intervention patients will also receive deep dry needling with disposable stainless steel needles (0.3mm x 50mm) that will be inserted into the skin over taut bands of the spastic musculature of the shoulder area: upper trapezius, subscapularis, infraspinatus, and pectoralis mayor
    ARM 2: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Control intervention
    Description: The control intervention will consist of 3 sessions, one per week, of 45min of physical therapy including mobilizations of the scapular region, manual therapies targeted to decrease muscle tone, neuromodulatory techniques for spasticity and proprioceptive exercises for the upper extremity.
  • Dry needling Other
    Intervention Desc: Patients will receive deep dry needling with disposable stainless steel needles (0.3mm x 50mm) that will be inserted into the skin over taut bands of the spastic musculature of the shoulder area: upper trapezius, subscapularis, infraspinatus, and pect
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Experimental intervention
    Description: The experimental intervention will consist of 3 sessions, one per week, of 45min of physical therapy including mobilizations of the scapular region, manual therapies targeted to decrease muscle tone, neuromodulatory techniques for spasticity and proprioceptive exercises for the upper extremity. In addition, during this intervention patients will also receive deep dry needling with disposable stainless steel needles (0.3mm x 50mm) that will be inserted into the skin over taut bands of the spastic musculature of the shoulder area: upper trapezius, subscapularis, infraspinatus, and pectoralis mayor
  • Stainless steel needles (0.3mm x 50mm) Device
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Experimental intervention
    Description: The experimental intervention will consist of 3 sessions, one per week, of 45min of physical therapy including mobilizations of the scapular region, manual therapies targeted to decrease muscle tone, neuromodulatory techniques for spasticity and proprioceptive exercises for the upper extremity. In addition, during this intervention patients will also receive deep dry needling with disposable stainless steel needles (0.3mm x 50mm) that will be inserted into the skin over taut bands of the spastic musculature of the shoulder area: upper trapezius, subscapularis, infraspinatus, and pectoralis mayor

Trial Design

  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Masking: Double Blind (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
  • Purpose: Treatment
  • Endpoint: Safety/Efficacy Study
  • Intervention: Crossover Assignment

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary Changes in spasticity before and after the intervention Baseline and immediate after the interventionBaseline (1 week before) and 1 week after intervention Yes
Secondary Changes in pressure pain sensitivity before and after the intervention Baseline (1 week before) and 1 week after intervention Yes
Secondary Changes in shoulder mobility before and after the intervention Baseline (1 week before) and 1 week after intervention Yes

Sponsors