Development of Smart Holistic Telerehabilitation System: An Application of Stroke Patients- 3 Years Study "telerehab"


Phase 2 Results N/A

Trial Description

Study 1: Background and Purpose—This study were to set up the telerehabilitation program for standing balance training, and to examine the training effects on balance and daily activities in subjects with subacute stroke.The null hypothesis included telerehabilitation balance training were not significantly different from conventional balance training in subjects with subacute stroke.
Study 2: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of telerehabilitation with group therapy on balance and daily activities in subjects with stroke living in long-term care facilities (LTC).The null hypothesis would be telerehabilitation balance training were not significantly different from conventional balance training in subjects with subacute stroke.
study 3:To investigate whether a four-week tele-rehabilitation program can result in significant improvements in physical function and quality of life for subjects with chronic stroke living in long-term care facilities.
Study 4: To compare the effects of a home-based telerehabilitation (Tele) with intelligent agent systems and a conventional in-home physical therapy (home PT) for subjects with stroke.

Detailed Description

Study 1: Methods—Twenty-four subjects with substroke (less than 6 months post-stroke) were recruited for telerehabilitation group and conventional balance training group. Study 2. Methods—Twenty -four participants with mild to moderate stroke were randomized into telerehabilitation (Tele) group and conventional (Conv) group. They received balance training with three sessions per week for 4 weeks. The pressure distribution of buttock-pressure interface was measured by Pressure Distribution Plate (PDM-S).
Study 3.Methods: Twenty-four participants were recruited from three long-term care facilities. Participants were assigned into tele-rehabilitation (Tele group) and conventional Groups (Con group) randomly. Baseline and post-treatment physical function, daily activities and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) were assessed by Simplified-STREAM, Berge Balance scale (BBS), Barthel index (BI), and Stroke Impact Scale (SIS 3.0), respectively. Interventions were conducted to both groups by two different physical therapists with three sessions a week for four weeks of intervention.
Study 4. Ten participants with stroke were randomized into Tele or control group 1 (CG1) for randomized controlled trial. The Tele group also received home PT at 3 weeks later as control group 2 (CG2) for cross over design.
Intervention: All three groups received 4 weeks training (2 sessions/week, 50 minutes/session), including upper extremity and balance exercises.
Main outcome measures: The assessments were performed at baseline (pre), after 4 weeks (post) and after 7 weeks (follow-up). The measures for physical function included Stroke Rehabilitation Assessment (STREAM), Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke Patients (PASS), and Barthel index (BI). The measures for satisfaction included Stroke Impact Scale (SIS) and user-satisfaction questionnaires.



  • Telerehabilitation Device
    Intervention Desc: telerehabilitation for 4 weeks, 2 sessions per week and 30 to 50 minutes per session
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: telerehabilitation
    Description: telerehabilitation via internet

Trial Design

  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)
  • Purpose: Treatment
  • Endpoint: Efficacy Study
  • Intervention: Factorial Assignment


Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary Changes of Berg Balance Scale 1 month Yes
Secondary Changes of Stroke Impact Scale (SIS) 1 month Yes