Stroke is one of the common diseases in the elderly. It is the third ranking cause of death and affects health care system in our country. The focal brain lesions encountered in patients with stroke can result in impairments in motor function, language, cognition, sensory processing, cognition and emotional disturbances. All of these conditions affect performance of functional activities. The abrupt change in the life situation of the stroke survivor impacts all phases of care. This may reduce a patient's quality of life.
Many innovative therapy techniques have been developed to help the restoration of lost functions and to aid in prevention and treatment of depression. Music and art therapy has been used in rehabilitation settings to stimulate brain functions involved in movement, cognition, speech, emotions, and sensory perceptions. However many research studies on the use of music and art therapy in rehabilitation of acquired brain injury have suffered from small sample size, making it difficult to achieve statistically significant results. In addition, differences in factors such as study designs, methods of interventions, and intensity of treatment have led to varying results.
Our study focuses on the use of creative therapy with a patient diagnosed with stroke. Creative therapy refers to a group of techniques include art therapy, writing, movement therapy, role play, and music therapy that are expressive and creative in nature. The aim of creative therapies is to help patients find a form of expression beyond words or traditional therapy, such as cognitive or psychotherapy. These therapies use arts modalities and creative processes during intentional intervention in therapeutic, rehabilitative, community, or educational settings to foster health, communication, and expression.
- Physical therapy Behavioral
Intervention Desc: Physical therapy composed of a series of physical therapy program including types of exercises and gait training if possible (5 times/week). ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: Control Description: Conventional physical therapy (5 times/week) for 4 weeks
- Creative therapy (art and music therapy) Other
Intervention Desc: Creative therapy composed of groups of activities relating to music and art sciences 8 sessions (2 sessions per week for 4 weeks) These activities emphasized on stimulating of cognition, physical, emotion, communication, social relationship, and spiritual domains. ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: Creative therapy Description: Conventional physical therapy program (5 times/week) plus creative therapy (Art and Music) 2 times/week for 4 weeks
- Allocation: Randomized
- Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
- Purpose: Treatment
- Endpoint: Efficacy Study
- Intervention: Parallel Assignment
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||Abbreviated Mental Score test (AMS)||4 weeks||No|
|Secondary||Barthel index (BI)||4 weeks||No|
|Secondary||Hospital anxiety depression score (HADS)||4 weeks||No|
|Secondary||Pictorial Thai Quality of Life score||4 weeks||No|
- Mahidol University Lead