Cord Blood Infusion for Ischemic Stroke

Completed

Phase 1 Results N/A

Trial Description

This is a phase one study investigating the safety of a single, intravenous infusion of banked allogeneic umbilical cord blood in subjects following an acute ischemic stroke. The cord blood infusion must be given within 3-10 days of the stroke. Follow up phone calls will occur at 1, 6, and 12 months post-infusion, and will include telephone surveys on post-stroke rehabilitation and functioning. A follow up clinic visit at 90 days will include a neurological exam, MRI, and blood tests.

Detailed Description

The purpose of this study is to assess the safety of a single, intravenous infusion of banked allogeneic umbilical cord blood in subjects within 3-10 days following an acute ischemic stroke. The subjects will not be pre-treated with immunosuppressive agents. The primary objective is safety assessment and the secondary objectives are to determine which outcome measures can be used as primary and secondary endpoints for future randomized Phase 2 clinical trials, and to describe clinical responses, if any. All subjects will receive standard of care acute and rehabilitation treatments while enrolled in this study.
This is a multicenter Phase 1 safety study in patients 18-80 years of age who have sustained a recent ischemic stroke. A total of 10 subjects will be enrolled. Subjects will be given a series of baseline neurological assessments, blood tests, and MRI. Umbilical cord blood units will be selected from a public cord blood bank based on ABO/Rh blood type and cell dose, targeting a range of 0.5 to 5 x 10^7 total nucleated cells/kg. Umbilical cord blood will be administered intravenously as a single infusion between 3 and 10 days post-stroke. Subjects will be monitored for 6 hours post-infusion, and follow up will occur 24 hours later. Subsequent follow up phone calls will occur at 1, 6, and 12 months, and will include telephone surveys on post-stroke rehabilitation and functioning. A follow up clinic visit at 90 days will include a neurological exam, MRI, and blood tests.
Risks of cord blood infusion include infusion-related reactions such as anaphylaxis, urticaria, dyspnea, hypoxia, cough, wheezing, bronchospasm, nausea, vomiting, hives, fever, hypertension, hypotension, bradycardia, tachycardia, rigors, chills, infection, and hemoglobinuria. Less likely, long-term risks include transmission of infection or Graft vs Host Disease.

Conditions

Interventions

  • Allogeneic umbilical cord blood Biological
    Other Names: cord blood; umbilical cord blood
    Intervention Desc: Umbilical cord blood units will be selected from a public cord blood bank based on ABO/Rh blood type and cell dose, targeting a range of 0.5 to 5 x 10^7 total nucleated cells per kilogram. The cord blood unit will be intravenously infused into the subject over 5-30 minutes at a rate not exceeding 5 mL/kg/hr. Subjects will not receive immunosuppressive medications or any other cytoreduction prior to infusion.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Allogeneic Umbilical Cord Blood Infusion
    Description: All subjects in this study will receive an intravenous infusion of ABO/Rh matched umbilical cord blood.

Trial Design

  • Masking: Open Label
  • Purpose: Treatment
  • Endpoint: Safety Study
  • Intervention: Single Group Assignment

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary Number of Adverse Events 12 months post-infusion for the last subject Yes
Primary Incidence of Graft versus Host Disease 100 days post-infusion for the last subject Yes
Secondary Change in modified Rankin Score 3 months post-infusion for the last subject No
Secondary Change in Infarct Volumes 3 months post-infusion for the last subject No
Primary Adverse Events 6 months post-infusion for the last subject
Primary Graft Versus Host Disease 100 days

Sponsors