Computer Based Algorithm for Patient Specific Implants for Cranioplasty in Patients With Skull Defects "CAPSID"

Not yet recruiting

Phase N/A Results N/A

Trial Description

Patients with skull defects after craniotomy for example tumor resection, head trauma, stroke, need a reimplantation of the bone afterwards. For some circumstances, their own bone cannot be reimplanted due to infection, tumor infiltration, damage to the bone, or aseptic bone necrosis. In these cases a Patient Specific Implant (PSI) needs to be designed to fit into the patient`s skull defect.
The design of the PSI is based on the preoperative CT-scan of the patient`s head with the skull defect, the imaging data set is uploaded and processed with IPlanNet software by BrainLab®. With the help of the software, a 3D model of a negative mould of the PSI is designed and printed. In the operation room, the PSI is fabricated under sterile conditions using the PSI mould. The design of the PSI mould with the help of IPlanNet is demanding and takes some few hours depending on the complexity of the case to be designed. In certain cases the accuracy of the fabricated PSI mould is not optimal, so that the surgeon intraoperatively has to adapt for the inaccuracy to achieve the best cosmetic and functional results at the expense of the operation duration, a known risk factor for postoperative wound infection and other perioperative complications.
Therefore, the investigators have developed an automated computer-based algorithm for PSI design (CAPSID). With the help of this tool, an accurate PSI and its corresponding mould can be calculated and designed based on the preoperative CT scan of the patient within 5-15 minutes and the corresponding mould can be printed. This step is automated and thus, independent of the neurosurgeons experience and skills in 3D processing software. The mould can be used for intraoperative fabrication of the implant under sterile conditions in the common way as described above. The possible advantages of the clinical establishment of this procedure would be a higher accuracy of the PSI compared to the conventional PSI fabrication method with better cosmetic results, lower costs and faster availability and production leading to shorter waiting time for the patient, and as a consequence of the higher accuracy leading to shorter operation time, with a reduction of risk of operative adverse events for the patient. Furthermore, the proof of practicability of this new method, could lead to new concepts in the field of Computer-based Patient Specific Implants in modern medicine in general.

Detailed Description

Patients with skull defects after craniotomy for example tumor resection, head trauma, stroke, need a reimplantation of the bone afterwards. For some circumstances, their own bone cannot be reimplanted due to infection, tumor infiltration, damage to the bone, or aseptic bone necrosis. In these cases a Patient Specific Implant (PSI) needs to be designed to fit into the patient`s skull defect. Several materials are currently used such as titanium, poly-ether-ether-ketone (PEEK) or poly-methylmethyl-acrylate (PMMA) for PSI fabrication. At the moment, PSI are commercially available from different companies (DePuy Synthes®, EOS®, Xilloc®). Apart from the high costs of commercially available PSI, it takes usually several weeks until the designed and manufactured PSI is delivered to the hospital ready for reimplantation.
On the other hand, a method for software-based PSI design and intraoperative fabrication of the PSI under sterile conditions was described by Stieglitz et al. This method is currently used in everyday clinics in the department of neurosurgery in Bern. In short summary, the design of the PSI is based on the preoperative CT-scan of the patient`s head with the skull defect, the imaging data set is uploaded and processed with IPlanNet software by BrainLab®. With the help of the software, a 3D model of a negative mould of the PSI is designed and printed. In the operation room, the PSI is fabricated under sterile conditions using the PSI mould. The design of the PSI mould with the help of IPlanNet is demanding and takes some few hours depending on the complexity of the case to be designed. In certain cases the accuracy of the fabricated PSI mould is not optimal, so that the surgeon intraoperatively has to adapt for the inaccuracy to achieve the best cosmetic and functional results at the expense of the operation duration, a known risk factor for postoperative wound infection and other perioperative complications.
Therefore, the investigators have developed an automated computer-based algorithm for PSI design (CAPSID). With the help of this tool, an accurate PSI and its corresponding mould can be calculated and designed based on the preoperative CT scan of the patient within 5-15 minutes and the corresponding mould can be printed. This step is automated and thus, independent of the neurosurgeons experience and skills in 3D processing software. The mould can be used for intraoperative fabrication of the implant under sterile conditions in the common way as described above. The possible advantages of the clinical establishment of this procedure would be a higher accuracy of the PSI compared to the conventional PSI fabrication method with better cosmetic results, lower costs and faster availability and production leading to shorter waiting time for the patient, and as a consequence of the higher accuracy leading to shorter operation time, with a reduction of risk of operative adverse events for the patient. Furthermore, the proof of practicability of this new method, could lead to new concepts in the field of Computer-based Patient Specific Implants in modern medicine in general. A clinical trial is necessary to proof the advantages and practicability of the investigators' concept of computer-based algorithm for PSI design (CAPSID) for patients with skull defects.

Conditions

Interventions

  • Patient Specific Implant Other
    Intervention Desc: Implantation of Patient Specific Implant
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Patients with skull defects
    Description: Patients with skull defects after craniotomy for example tumor resection, head trauma, stroke which need a Patient Specific Implant.

Trial Design

  • Observation: Case Control
  • Perspective: Prospective
  • Sampling: Non-Probability Sample

Trial Population

Patients with skull defects after craniotomy for example tumor resection, head trauma, stroke, need a Patient Specific Implant (PSI).

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary Number of patients where there is no need to adapt the PSI's edges 6 weeks after surgery by standardised questionnaire No
Primary Number of patients where there is no need to augment/fill clefts between the PSI and patient´s bone 6 weeks after surgery by standardised questionnaire No
Primary Number of patients where there is no need to discard the PSI and fabricate a new PSI 6 weeks after surgery by standardised questionnaire No
Secondary Operation duration At the end of surgery No
Secondary Patient`s satisfaction measured by questionary 6 weeks No
Secondary infection rate day 1-3 after OP, at 6 weeks No
Secondary postoperative haemorrhage day 1-3 after OP, at 6 weeks No
Secondary postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage day 1-3 after OP, at 6 weeks No
Secondary PSI-displacement day 1-3 after OP, at 6 weeks No
Secondary need for reoperation day 1-3 after OP, at 6 weeks No
Secondary Accuracy of the PSI determined by volumetric analysis of the patient´s post-implantation CT scan (dice similarity index) 3 days after surgery No
Secondary Accuracy of the PSI determined by volumetric analysis of the patient´s post-implantation CT scan (volumetric inaccuracy index) 3 days after surgery No

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