The purpose of the study is to examine if patients in the embedded motor imagery (MI) training group (EG1) need less time to perform the motor task than patients in the added MI training group (EG2).
The purpose of the study is to examine if patients in the embedded MI training into physiotherapy (EG1) need less time to perform the motor task than patients in the added MI training to physiotherapy (EG2).
A third groups serves a control group (CG) to investigate the effect of the intervention versus a group with a control intervention.
Additionally, semi-structured interviews before and after the intervention will give an insight in the patient's experience with motor imagery (MI), their expectations regarding the intervention and their opinions about MI after the intervention.
- Motor imagery (MI) training Other
Intervention Desc: MI training encloses the internal rehearsal of a known motor skill without any overt motor output. ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: EG1: embedded MI Description: Experimental group 1: Participants receive motor imagery (MI) training included in 45min physiotherapy, 3 times per week for 2 weeks. ARM 2: Kind: Experimental Label: EG2: added MI Description: Experimental group 2: Participants receive a 15 minutes motor imagery (MI) training added to a 30 min physiotherapy session, 3 times a week for two weeks.
- Control intervention Other
Intervention Desc: The control intervention encloses relaxation and breathing exercises, and information about: the disease (stroke), therapy options, self-help groups and their offers for support, helping aids for independent living at home. ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: CG Description: Control group: Participants receive a 15 min control intervention added to their 30 min physiotherapy session, 3 times a week for two weeks.
- Allocation: Randomized
- Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
- Purpose: Treatment
- Endpoint: Efficacy Study
- Intervention: Parallel Assignment
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||Time in seconds to perform a motor task: "Going down, laying on the floor and getting up again."||2 weeks||No|
|Secondary||Further outcome measures: - Help needed to perform the task, scored on a 7-item scale (1 total help, 7 completely independent) - Stage of motor task (one out of 13 possible stages)||2 weeks||No|
|Secondary||Motor impairment and independence measured with the extended Barthel index (EBI).||2 weeks||No|
|Secondary||Balance measured with the Berg Balance Scale (BBS).||2 weeks||No|
|Secondary||Motor imagery ability measured with the kinesthetic and visual motor imagery questionnaire (KVIQ) and the 'Imaprax 1.1' software.||2 weeks||No|
|Secondary||Fear of falling (FOF) is measured with the Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC-scale).||2 weeks||No|