Comparative Hybrid Effects of Combining BoNT-A With Robot-assisted or Mirror Therapy for U/E Spasticity Stroke Patients


Phase 3 Results N/A

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

- Willing to provide written informed consent
- Clinical and imagine diagnosis of a first or recurrent unilateral stroke ≥ 3 months
- Upper limb spasticity (Modified Ashworth scale of ≥ 2)
- Moderate to severe movement impairment of U/E (FMA score ranging from 18 to 56)
- No serious cognitive impairment (i.e., Mini Mental State Exam score > 18)
- Age ≥ 18 years

Exclusion Criteria

- Pregnant
- Bilateral hemispheric or cerebellar lesions
- Significant visual field deficits or hemineglect
- Contraindication for BoNT-A injection