Combined Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and Motor Imagery-based Robotic Arm Training for Stroke Rehabilitation


Phase 2 Results

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

- first ever haemorrhagic or ischaemic subcortical stroke more than 9 months prior to study enrollment
- upper extremity impairment of 11-45 on the Fugl-Meyer assessment scale

Exclusion Criteria

- epilepsy
- neglect
- cognitive impairment
- other neurological or psychiatric diseases
- severe arm pain
- spasticity score >2 on the Modified Ashworth Scale in the shoulder or elbow
- contraindications to TMS or tDCS (cranial implants, ventricular shunts, pacemakers, intrathecal pumps)
- grip strength <10kg as measured by a dynamometer
- participation in other interventions or trials targeting stroke motor recovery.