Combine Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation on Stroke Patients

Recruiting

Phase N/A Results N/A

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria(healthy subjects):
1. Age: 20~65 years old
2. Who are willing to participate in the experiment
3. Signed the consent
4. Right handed
Exclusion Criteria(healthy subjects):
1. Musculoskeletal pathology or neurological disorders affecting movements in the upper limbs
2. Epilepsy or family history
3. Cardiac pacemaker
4. Metallic implant in the head
5. Pregnancy
6. Sensory complete injury in upper limb
7. Had brain surgery
8. Expected to conduct brain surgery and major surgery during the experiment
9. The patients is suitable for the experiment by investigator assessedInclusion
Inclusion Criteria(stroke):
1. Signed the informed consent
2. First-ever ischemic stroke
3. Stroke at least 6 months
4. Unilateral hemiplegia
5. No severe cognitive impairment (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale-Level of Consciousness: 0, Level of Consciousness Questions: 0, Level of Consciousness Commands: 0)
6. Sit on a chair for more than 30 minutes independently
7. Brunnstrom recovery stage≧3 in the paretic hand
8. Muscle tone at the wrist flexor with a modified Ashworth scale≦2
Exclusion Criteria(stoke):
1. Speech disorder or global aphasia
2. Musculoskeletal pathology or neurological disorders affecting movements in the paretic upper limbs
3. Epilepsy or family history
4. Cardiac pacemaker
5. Metallic implant in the head
6. Pregnancy
7. Diabetic, peripheral vascular disease or neuropathy that attributable to sensory complete injury
8. Have intracranial space occupied lesion, ex: brain tumors, arteriovenous malformations
9. Had brain surgery
10. Meningitis and encephalitis
11. Expected to conduct brain surgery and major surgery during the experiment
12. The patients is suitable for the experiment by investigator assessed