Collateral-based reSetting of Endovascular Treatment Time Window for Stroke (CoSETS)

Recruiting

Phase N/A Results N/A

Trial Description

This study is a prospective, partly randomized, multi-center, Phase III, controlled trial, designed to show that the onset-to-puncture time (OPT) for good functional outcome (defined by modified Rankin Scale score at 3 months, 0-2) can be set depending on collateral status based on multiphase CT angiogram. The purpose of this study is to prove that (1) for patients with poor collaterals, there will no difference in good outcome rate between endovascular treatment and best medical treatment group if onset-to-puncture time is between 150 minutes and 600 minutes, and 2) for patients wih good collaterals, the rate of good outcome is equal to or greater than 42% (10% greater than historical control) if onset-to-puncture time is between 150 minutes and 600 minutes. Patients will initially be classified into 3 arms based on both collateral status on multiphase CT angiography and whether or not receiving endovascular thrombectomy: group 1, patients with good collaterals and receiving endovascular thrombectomy, 2) group 2a, patient with poor collaterals and receiving endovascular thrombectomy, and 3) group 2b, patients with poor collaterals and not receiving endovascular thrombectomy. Patients with good collaterals will receive endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) if onset-to-puncture time is between 150 minutes and 600 minutes after last seen well time. Of the patients with poor collaterals, they will be randomized into endovascular treatment and best medical treatment group, if onset-to-puncture time is between 150 minutes and 600 minutes, (onset-to-puncture time is not possible within 150 minutes but possible within 600 minutes after last seen well). Primary endpoint is the rate of good outcome at 3 months. The number of subjects needed with statistical power of 0.8 and alpha value of 0.025 is estimated 309 patients.

Conditions

Interventions

  • Endovascular Thrombectomy Procedure
    Intervention Desc: Intervention description : Group 1: patients with good collateral, Group 2: patient with poor collateral Group 1 patients (good collateral group) will receive endovascular thrombectomy using stent retriever, aspiration catheter, or both, if femoral puncture is possible between 150 minutes and 600 minutes after last seen well. Group 2 patients (poor collateral group) will be randomized into endovascular thrombectomy group (2a) and best medical treatment group (2b), if femoral puncture is possible between 150 minutes and 600 minutes after last seen well.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Group 2a, patient with poor collaterals
    Description: Group 2 patients (poor collateral group) will be randomized into endovascular thrombectomy group (2a) and best medical treatment group (2b), if femoral puncture is possible between 150 minutes and 600 minutes after last seen well.

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary The rate of good functional outcome defined by modified Rankin Scale score 0 - 2 90 days ± 14 days after enrollment
Secondary modified Rankin Scale score 90 days ± 14 days after enrollment
Secondary NIHSS score 24 hours after enrollment

Sponsors