The investigators are performing a study to determine whether changes in blood flow occur in the neck and back of the brain following a series of head positions and a manipulation of the upper neck. Each participant will be asked to undergo a series of MRI's to evaluate whether there are any changes in blood flow resulting from any of the head positions or manipulation. The study will be conducted over a period of 1 day and each participant can anticipate the testing to take approximately 120 minutes.
The goal is to further investigate the cerebrovascular hemodynamic consequences of cervical spine positions, including rotation and manipulation in-vivo under clinically relevant circumstances using two advanced forms of MRI technology on the VA and posterior cerebral vessels. According to the knowledge of the investigators, a study utilizing MRI and functional blood oxygen level dependent (fBOLD) imaging to examine blood flow and perfusion, turbulence and evidence of micro-trauma within these vessels has yet to be conducted.
- Head positions and spinal manipulation Other
Intervention Desc: Each subject will then undergo a baseline MRI in a head neutral position (0 degrees rotation). They will then be placed in head rotation (45 degrees) to the non-dominant and undergo a MRI. Maximum rotation to the side with MRI will follow. Finally, each subject will receive an upper cervical rotary manipulation to the non-dominant side with MRI immediately after. A total of 4 test conditions will be evaluated (rest, 45 degree, maximal, post-manipulation). The manipulation will be performed by an experience practitioner on a bed just outside the MRI room in supine position. A controlled impulse load will be applied and the head/neck returned to neutral position. Prior to each maneuver, the subject will be queried on their comfort, condition and willingness to continue
- Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
- Purpose: Basic Science
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||change in advanced magnetic resonance imaging||immediately after head positions.||No|