The purpose of this study is to determine, in patients following a TIA, whether a 6-month case-managed exercise based multi-factorial cardiac rehabilitation program (CR), similar to those used in patients following a heart attack, can significantly improve exercise capacity, reduce cholesterol, reduce depression, and improve thinking ability.
Similar risk factors predispose patients to both cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. Two hundred consecutive patients from Stroke Prevention Clinics (SPC) at London Health Sciences Centre and the Ottawa Hospital (100 patients from each site) who have sustained a Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) or mild non-disabling stroke will participate in a randomized controlled trial in which they will either receive Usual Care (UC) as delivered by the SPC, or enter the existing multi-disciplinary 6-month comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CR) intervention at LHSC and Ottawa in addition to receiving UC. This study seeks to determine the benefits of providing a CR program to TIA/mild non-disabling stroke patients.
- Comprehensive Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) Behavioral
Other Names: Cardiac Rehabilitation Intervention Desc: 6-month Comprehensive Cardiac Rehabilitation program consisting of: 1) initial medical assessment by case manager and physician to determine CR strategies; 2) entry exercise stress test; 3) multi-disciplinary assessment and intervention to achieve risk factor targets in nutrition & psychological services as needed; 4) twice per week supervised exercise training and twice per week home-based exercise following an individualized, progressive prescription; 5) Exit assessment at 6 months. ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: 1 Description: Usual Care plus Comprehensive Cardiac Rehabilitation Program ARM 2: Kind: Experimental Label: Cardiac Rehabilitation Description: Usual Care plus Comprehensive Cardiac Rehabilitation Program
- Allocation: Randomized
- Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
- Purpose: Treatment
- Endpoint: Efficacy Study
- Intervention: Parallel Assignment
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||To determine compared to usual care, whether a 6-month CR strategy results in significant improvements of functional capacity, lipid profile, depression symptoms and cognition.||6 months||Yes|
|Secondary||Outcomes include cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events, pre-post changes in physiological, anthropometric and behavioral vascular risk factors, neurocognitive measures, and quality of life.||6 months||Yes|