Botulinim Toxin Type A Injections by Different Guidance in Stroke Patients With Spasticity on Upper Extremities

Recruiting

Phase 3 Results N/A

References

Publications

  • Francisco GE. Botulinum toxin for post-stroke spastic hypertonia: a review of its efficacy and application in clinical practice. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2007 Jan;36(1):22-30. Review. Pubmed ID:17285183
  • Chin TY, Nattrass GR, Selber P, Graham HK. Accuracy of intramuscular injection of botulinum toxin A in juvenile cerebral palsy: a comparison between manual needle placement and placement guided by electrical stimulation. J Pediatr Orthop. 2005 May-Jun;25(3):286-91. Pubmed ID:15832139
  • Molloy FM, Shill HA, Kaelin-Lang A, Karp BI. Accuracy of muscle localization without EMG: implications for treatment of limb dystonia. Neurology. 2002 Mar 12;58(5):805-7. Pubmed ID:11889247
  • Lim EC, Ong BK, Seet RC. Botulinum toxin-A injections for spastic toe clawing. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2006 Jan;12(1):43-7. Epub 2005 Sep 29. Pubmed ID:16198612
  • O'Brien CF. Injection techniques for botulinum toxin using electromyography and electrical stimulation. Muscle Nerve Suppl. 1997;6:S176-80. Review. Pubmed ID:9826989
  • Alter KE. High-frequency ultrasound guidance for neurotoxin injections. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2010 Aug;21(3):607-30. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2010.05.001. Review. Pubmed ID:20797552
  • Berweck S, Schroeder AS, Fietzek UM, Heinen F. Sonography-guided injection of botulinum toxin in children with cerebral palsy. Lancet. 2004 Jan 17;363(9404):249-50. Pubmed ID:14738817
  • Schroeder AS, Berweck S, Lee SH, Heinen F. Botulinum toxin treatment of children with cerebral palsy - a short review of different injection techniques. Neurotox Res. 2006 Apr;9(2-3):189-96. Review. Pubmed ID:16785117
  • Depedibi R, Unlü E, Cevikol A, Akkaya T, Cakci A, Cerekçi R, Köse G, Unlüsoy D. Ultrasound-guided botulinum toxin type A injection to the iliopsoas muscle in the management of children with cerebral palsy. NeuroRehabilitation. 2008;23(3):199-205. Pubmed ID:18560136
  • Henzel MK, Munin MC, Niyonkuru C, Skidmore ER, Weber DJ, Zafonte RD. Comparison of surface and ultrasound localization to identify forearm flexor muscles for botulinum toxin injections. PM R. 2010 Jul;2(7):642-6. doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2010.05.002. Pubmed ID:20659720
  • Mizrahi EM, Angel RW. Impairment of voluntary movement by spasticity. Ann Neurol. 1979 Jun;5(6):594-5. Pubmed ID:475355
  • Gracies JM, Nance P, Elovic E, McGuire J, Simpson DM. Traditional pharmacological treatments for spasticity. Part II: General and regional treatments. Muscle Nerve Suppl. 1997;6:S92-120. Review. Pubmed ID:9826984
  • Gracies JM, Elovic E, McGuire J, Simpson DM. Traditional pharmacological treatments for spasticity. Part I: Local treatments. Muscle Nerve Suppl. 1997;6:S61-91. Review. Pubmed ID:9826983
  • Difazio M, Jabbari B. A focused review of the use of botulinum toxins for low back pain. Clin J Pain. 2002 Nov-Dec;18(6 Suppl):S155-62. Review. Pubmed ID:12569963
  • Jankovic J. Botulinum toxin in clinical practice. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2004 Jul;75(7):951-7. Review. Pubmed ID:15201348
  • Lim EC, Seet RC. Use of botulinum toxin in the neurology clinic. Nat Rev Neurol. 2010 Nov;6(11):624-36. doi: 10.1038/nrneurol.2010.149. Epub 2010 Oct 12. Review. Pubmed ID:21045798
  • Brashear A, Gordon MF, Elovic E, Kassicieh VD, Marciniak C, Do M, Lee CH, Jenkins S, Turkel C; Botox Post-Stroke Spasticity Study Group. Intramuscular injection of botulinum toxin for the treatment of wrist and finger spasticity after a stroke. N Engl J Med. 2002 Aug 8;347(6):395-400. Pubmed ID:12167681
  • Yablon SA, Brashear A, Gordon MF, Elovic EP, Turkel CC, Daggett S, Liu J, Brin MF. Formation of neutralizing antibodies in patients receiving botulinum toxin type A for treatment of poststroke spasticity: a pooled-data analysis of three clinical trials. Clin Ther. 2007 Apr;29(4):683-90. Pubmed ID:17617291
  • Yablon SA, Agana BT, Ivanhoe CB, Boake C. Botulinum toxin in severe upper extremity spasticity among patients with traumatic brain injury: an open-labeled trial. Neurology. 1996 Oct;47(4):939-44. Pubmed ID:8857723
  • Bakheit AM, Thilmann AF, Ward AB, Poewe W, Wissel J, Muller J, Benecke R, Collin C, Muller F, Ward CD, Neumann C. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging study to compare the efficacy and safety of three doses of botulinum toxin type A (Dysport) with placebo in upper limb spasticity after stroke. Stroke. 2000 Oct;31(10):2402-6. Pubmed ID:11022071

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