Bilateral Movement Training for People With Stroke


Phase N/A Results N/A

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

1. at least 6 months since stroke
2. three or fewer incidents of unilateral stroke confirmed by taking the participant's medical history ability to follow researcher's instructions
3. ability to flex and extend the paretic arm and hand
4. Modified Ashworth Score (MAS) ≦3 for wrist and finger joints
5. Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score should 24 or higher
6. no other orthopedic neurological disorders
7. Brunnstrom stage 3 or 4
8. no joint in other experimental rehabilitation or drug studies 21

Exclusion Criteria

1. unstable cardiovascular conditions
2. uncontrolled hypertension (190/110 mm Hg)
3. severe orthopedic or pain conditions
4. dementia (Mini-Mental State Examination score < 22)
5. aphasia with inability to follow researcher's commands
6. severe joint contracture of bilateral upper extremities that would impact the movement performances of upper extremities