Assistive Soft Robotic Glove Intervention Using Brain-Computer Interface for Elderly Stroke Patients

Not yet recruiting

Phase N/A Results N/A

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

- Aged 55-90 years regardless of lesion size, race
- History of stroke less than 3 months prior to participation
- Stroke type: ischemic or haemorrhagic
- Fugl-Meyer motor score (FM score) of upper extremity impairment of 0-45 out of a maximum score of 66 on the Fugl-Meyer assessment scale
- Ability to pay attention and maintain supported sitting for 1.5 hours continuously
- Lack of or poor hand mobility (Medical Research Council Grade ≤ 2/5)
- Able to give own consent
- Able to comprehend and follow commands (Abbreviated Mental Test equal or more than 7)
- Fulfil BCI resting brain states on initial screening.
- Unilateral upper limb impairment

Exclusion Criteria

- Recurrent clinical stroke
- Functional status: severe aphasia or inattention, unstable medical conditions which may affect participation (e.g. unresolved sepsis, postural hypotension) or anticipated life expectancy of <1 year due to malignancy or neurodegenerative disorder)
- Hemispatial neglect (visual or sensory) or severe visual impairment despite visual aids
- History of severe depression or active psychiatric disorder
- Skull defect or previous cranial surgery as this would affect physical fit of EEG cap interface
- Local arm factors: severe spasticity Modified Ashworth scale >1+ in any region, fixed joint contractures or joint replacements, patients with poor skin conditions which would contraindicate repetitive arm training, upper limb pain impeding movements with visual analogue scale (VAS score) >4/10, other conditions ensuing upper limb weakness, skull defect, polydactyly or amputation of fingers, and allergy to electrodes or adhesive gel