Aliskiren Effect on Aortic Plaque Progression "ALPINE"


Phase 2/3 Results

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria: Patients, both males and females, were eligible if they were ≥ 45 years of age, with previously documented cardiovascular disease, defined as at least one of the following: myocardial infarction (MI), cerebrovascular accident (CVA), coronary bypass surgery and/or percutaneous intervention, peripheral arterial disease (PAD), defined as ankle brachial index (ABI) <0.9 and/or prior peripheral intervention/surgery. Subjects on angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) therapy were eligible to participate, provided no dose adjustments were made during the course of the study.
Exclusion Criteria: Contraindications to the MRI exam (pacemakers, metallic implants, severe claustrophobia); diagnosis of Type II Diabetes or use of hypoglycemic drugs; uncontrolled hypertension (>145/90 mm Hg); low density lipoprotein (LDL) of ≥ 130mg/dL; renal insufficiency defined as glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≤ 40 ml/minute (derived by the Modified Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation); initiation of new therapy with statins, ACEI/ARBs, anti-oxidants, calcium channel blockers, diuretics, β blockers; transient ischemic cerebral attack during the prior 6 months; history of allergy to renin inhibitors; unstable cardiac syndromes; symptomatic arrhythmias; history of malignancy including leukemia and lymphoma (but not basal cell skin cancer, cured squamous cell cancer and localized prostate cancer) and history of allergy to renin inhibitors.