Acupuncture on Post-Stroke Overactive Bladder


Phase N/A Results N/A

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

1. Chinese aged 18 or above
2. Patient suffering from first ever stroke or recurrent stroke with no urinary symptom in previous episode(s);
3. Patient with classic symptoms, i.e. urgency, urinary frequency or urge incontinence and Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS) score ≥3 and the urgency item rated as at least 2-point;
4. Not taking any medication for OAB
5. Able to communicate
6. No current acupuncture or transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation treatment

Exclusion Criteria

1. Urinary retention with post-void urinary volume > 100ml;
2. Current urinary tract infection;
3. Preexisting history of OAB or bladder outlet obstruction or underactive bladder;
4. Significant cognitive impairment with MMSE < or =19;
5. Coexisting Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, spinal cord disorder or progressive neurological disease such as multiple sclerosis;
6. Active skin lesion or open wound over the needle placement areas;
7. Having valvular heart defects, severe cardiac diseases, or bleeding disorders,
8. Being fitted with any implanted electrical device such as pacemaker, defibrillator, or brain stimulation;
9. Pregnant;
10. Malignancies at the sites of selected acupoints;
11. Receiving acupuncture treatment 1 month before baseline.