Abciximab in Wake-up Stroke


Phase 3 Results N/A

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

- Patient who awakes with an acute ischemic stroke in the anterior circulation.
- Planned start of study agent >3 hours and £6 hours from time of awakening and <1 hour after MRI mismatch diagnosis is established (cf. item 5 below).
- Pre-randomization NIHSS score of 4-20.
- Age >18 years.
- MRI showing a PWI-DWI mismatch defined by visual estimation, where the PWI lesion will be >130% of the DWI volume.
- Written informed consent, signed and dated by the subject (or subject’s authorized representative, if allowed by local laws) and by the person obtaining the consent, indicating agreement to comply with all protocol-specified procedures.

Exclusion Criteria

- Participation in another study with an investigational drug or device within the last 30 days.
- Prior participation in the present study, or planned participation in another trial.
- Symptoms suggestive of subarachnoid hemorrhage, even if MRI/CT scan is negative for hemorrhage.
- Women known to be pregnant, lactating, or having a positive or indeterminate pregnancy test.
Stroke Related
- Stupor or coma (NIHSS level of consciousness score ≥2 {item 1a}).
- High clinical suspicion of septic embolus.
- Rapidly improving symptoms.
- Thrombosis involving the cerebral veins.
Brain Imaging Related
- Evidence of ICH by T2* MRI and/or noncontrast enhanced head CT.
- MRI and/or CT evidence of nonvascular cause for the neurological symptoms.
- DWI infarct size >50% of the MCA territory.
- Signs of mass effect causing shift of midline structures on CT scan.
- Contraindication to undergo MR imaging (eg pacemaker).
- Suspicion of occlusion of the ipsilateral ICA at MRA.
Safety Related
- Persistent hypertension with systolic blood pressure (SBP) >185 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) >110 mm Hg (mean of 3 consecutive arm cuff readings over 20-30 minutes), not controlled by antihypertensive therapy or requiring nitroprusside for control.
- Anticipated need for major surgery within 72 hours after randomization (eg, carotid endarterectomy, hip fracture repair).
- Any intracranial surgery, serious head trauma (any head injury that required hospitalization), or stroke within the past 3 months.
- History of ICH at any time in the past.
- Major trauma at the time of stroke (eg, hip fracture).
- Presence or history of intracranial neoplasm or arteriovenous malformation.
- Intracranial aneurysm, unless surgically treated >3 months.
- Major hemorrhage in past 21 days.
- Major surgery, serious trauma, lumbar puncture, arterial puncture at a noncompressible site, or biopsy of a parenchymal organ in last 14 days. Major surgical procedures include but are not limited to the following: major thoracic or abdominopelvic surgery, neurosurgery, major limb surgery, carotid endarterectomy or other vascular surgery, and organ transplant. For unlisted procedures, the operating surgeon should be consulted to assess the risk
- Presumed or documented history of vasculitis.
- Known systemic bleeding disorder (eg, von Willebrand’s disease, hemophilia, others).
- Platelet count <100'000 cells/µL.
- Congenital or acquired coagulopathy (eg, secondary to anticoagulants) causing either of the following:
A. Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) prolongation greater than 2 seconds above the upper limit of normal for local laboratory, except if due to isolated factor XII deficiency. The use of protamine sulfate to reverse the heparin effect is not allowed.
B. International normalized ratio (INR) ³1.4. Subjects receiving warfarin prior to entry are eligible provided INR is <1.4 and warfarin can be safely discontinued for at least 36-48 h.
Potentially Interfering with Outcome Assessment
- Prestroke Barthel Index (BI) <95 or modified Rankin scale score (mRS) >1.
- Life expectancy <3 months.
- Other serious illness (eg, severe hepatic, cardiac, or renal failure; acute myocardial infarction; or a complex disease that may confound treatment assessment).
Drug Related
- Treatment with rt-PA, Ancrod, or intra-arterial thrombolytic for the qualifying stroke or administration of intra-arterial or systemic thrombolytic therapy in last 7 days.
- Treatment with rt-PA is indicated and commercially available and, in the judgment of the investigator and patient, the risk/benefit ratio is acceptable for treatment with rt-PA.
- Need for antiplatelet agent (eg, aspirin, ticlopidine, clopidogrel, dipyridamole), unfractionated or low molecular weight heparin, direct thrombin inhibitor, Factor Xa inhibitor, oral anticoagulant, or NSAID (excluding COX-2 inhibitor) before the post study-agent head CT scan. Treatment with aspirin prior to randomization is not an exclusion criterion.
- Allergy or hypersensitivity reaction (including anaphylaxis) or clinically significant reaction (including thrombocytopenia) to administration of abciximab or other murine proteins, if known.
- Treatment with unfractionated or low molecular weight heparin, direct thrombin inhibitor, or Factor Xa inhibitor within 48 hours before randomization, irrespective of the aPTT results or the heparin dose received (with the exception of minimal heparin use to maintain an open IV infusion line, <100 units/day).