A Randomized Trial of Unruptured Brain AVMs "ARUBA"


Phase 3 Results N/A

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

1. Patient must have unruptured BAVM diagnosed by MRI/MRA, CTA and/or angiogram
2. Patient must be 18 years of age or older
3. Patient must have signed Informed Consent, Release of Medical Information, and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA/U.S. only) Forms

Exclusion Criteria

1. Patient has BAVM presenting with evidence of recent or prior hemorrhage
2. Patient has received prior BAVM therapy (endovascular, surgical, radiotherapy)
3. Patient has BAVM deemed untreatable by local team, or has concomitant vascular or brain disease that interferes with/or contraindicates any interventional therapy type (stenosis/occlusion of neck artery, prior brain surgery/radiation for other reasons)
4. Patient has baseline Rankin ≥2
5. Patient has concomitant disease reducing life expectancy to less than 10 years
6. Patient has thrombocytopenia (< 100,000/μL),
7. Patient has uncorrectable coagulopathy (INR>1.5)
8. Patient is pregnant or lactating
9. Patient has known allergy against iodine contrast agents
10. Patient has multiple-foci BAVMs
11. Patient has any form of arteriovenous or spinal fistulas
Previous diagnosis of any of the following -
12. Patient has a diagnosed Vein of Galen type malformation
13. Patient has a diagnosed cavernous malformation
14. Patient has a diagnosed dural arteriovenous fistula
15. Patient has a diagnosed venous malformation
16. Patient has a diagnosed neurocutaneous syndrome such as cerebro-retinal angiomatosis (von Hippel-Lindau), encephalo-trigeminal syndrome (Sturge-Weber), or Wyburn-Mason syndrome
17. Patient has diagnosed BAVMs in context of moya-moya-type changes
18. Patient has diagnosed hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (Rendu-Osler-Weber)